Animal HealthImport RequirementsCattle and Yaks

Cattle Import Requirements

 
Cattle (genus Bos) entering Montana must meet vaccination, disease testing, identification, and documentation requirements as required in Administrative Rule of Montana 32.3 Subchapter 2. Requirements by category are described below:

Health Certificate Requirements

Certificate of Veterinary Inspection (CVI)

PLEASE NOTE: Any livestock (equine, bovine, porcine, caprine, ovine, or cervidae) entering Montana from a county where vesicular stomatitis has been diagnosed within the last fourteen (14) days or a county that contains a premises quarantined for vesicular stomatitis shall be accompanied by a certificate of veterinary inspection dated within fourteen (14) days of entry and containing the following statement: "All animals identified on this certificate of veterinary inspection have been inspected and found to be free from clinical signs of vesicular stomatitis."

  1. A CVI must accompany all cattle entering Montana except:
    1. Cattle arriving from Farm of Origin to Specifically Approved Stockyard per CFR 9 Part 78.9(a)(3)(i) are qualified on arrival. CVI and permit not required.
    2. Cattle moving direct to a federally approved slaughter facility with an owner shipper statement (OSS).
  2. Official Individual Identification Requirements
    1. Official individual ID must be listed on the CVI (or attached) except:
      1. Non-exhibition sexually intact beef cattle less than 18 months of age with no testing or quarantine requirements.
        1. These animals MUST HAVE OFFICIAL INDIVIDUAL IDENTIFICATION with a written statement on the CVI that all animals in the shipment have official individual IDs; they must be branded and have an official brand inspection certificate.
      2. Montana has interstate agreements with the following states allowing some classes of cattle to move without requiring individual IDs to be listed on the CVI:
        1. Idaho
        2. Oregon
        3. Utah
        4. Washington
        5. Wyoming
  3. One of the following statements must be true and be included on the CVI:
  "The animals in this shipment are NOT 'M-Branded' (Mexico origin) nor have they been in contact with or exposed to any 'M-Branded' cattle."
OR
"The animals in this shipment ARE 'M-Branded' (Mexico origin) or they have been in contact with or exposed to 'M-Branded' cattle."

Permit Requirements

Import Permit

  1. An import permit is required for all cattle entering Montana except:
    1. Cattle arriving from Farm of Origin to Specifically Approved Stockyard per CFR 9 Part 78.9(a)(3)(i) are qualified on arrival. CVI and permit not required.
  2. Permits may be obtained by:
    1. Calling the import line at (406) 444-2976.
      1. While the permit line is available to veterinarians 24 hours a day, seven days a week, not all permit types are available during non-business hours.
    2. Emailing a scan or photo of the CVI to livpermits@mt.gov.
      1. Please put "Permit Request" in the subject line.
      2. Requests received by 4:00 PM MST on regular business days will be processed same-day.
      3. Approved permit numbers will be emailed to the requesting party.

Identification Requirements

Official Individual Identification Requirements


Brucellosis Vaccination Requirements

  1. ANIMALS FROM STATES THAT HAVE NOT BEEN BRUCELLOSIS CLASS FREE FOR TEN OR MORE YEARS (TEXAS)
    1. Cows (>12 months of age) -
      1. Official Calfhood Vaccinate (OCV), OR
      2. Official Adult Vaccinate
        1. Animals that are being adult vaccinated to meet Montana's entry requirements must have a negative brucellosis test within 30 days prior to entry.
        2. Mature vaccinates (M vaccinates) approved by other states are not recognized as official adult vaccinates by Montana but may be eligible for importation by becoming official adult vaccinates.
    2. Heifers
      1. Less than 4 months of age, with dams
        1. OCV not required
      2. Less than 4 months of age, without dams
        1. Quarantine for vaccination or spay (within 6 months)  
          1. Brucellosis vaccination quarantines must be requested in advance by the Montana producer or the veterinarian who will fulfill the requirements of the quarantine.  
      3. 4 to 12 months of age
        1. OCV
          1. Brucellosis vaccination quarantines must be requested in advance by the Montana producer or the veterinarian who will fulfill the requirements of the quarantine.
      4. Spayed heifers greater than 1 month of age
        1. OCV not required
  2. ANIMALS FROM STATES, AREAS, PROVINCES OR TERRITORIES THAT HAVE BEEN BRUCELLOSIS CLASS FREE FOR TEN OR MORE YEARS
    1. Brucellosis vaccination is not required.
    2. PLEASE NOTE: Montana has in-state vaccination requirements for Beaverhead, Gallatin, Madison and Park counties per ARM 32.3.436.

Testing Requirements

1. BRUCELLOSIS

  1. A negative test is required within 30 days prior to importation for:
    1. Animals that are being adult vaccinated to meet Montana's entry requirements.
    2. Sexually intact Canadian origin cattle 12 months of age and older.
  2. Starting June 15, 2016, cattle and domestic bison originating in Big Horn County, Wyoming must meet the following requirements for entry to Montana:
    1. All sexually intact animals 12 months of age and older, and animals of any age intended for breeding must be tested for brucellosis within 30 days prior to entry to Montana
      1. Exception: testing completed July 16 or after is acceptable for movement through February 15 of the following year
    2. A copy of the brucellosis test chart must accompany the CVI
    3. A copy of the CVI and brucellosis test chart must be received by the Montana Department of Livestock within 10 days of movement
    4. All sexually intact animals must have official ID regardless of age (including calves) 

     Cattle must still meet all of Montana’s other import requirements

 

2. TUBERCULOSIS (TB)

  1. Cattle originating from a TB Accredited Free State or Zone:
    1. Beef cattle of any age
      1. No testing required
    2. Bucking bulls, steer wrestling steers and all roping bovines
      1. One negative TB test within 12 months prior to importation
    3. Sexually intact dairy cattle 2 months of age & older
      1. One negative TB test within 60 days prior to importation, unless originating from a USDA-APHIS-VS Accredited TB-Free Herd. Herd accreditation number and date of entire herd test must be included on the Certificate of Veterinary Inspection.
    4. M-branded, Mx-branded, or animals in contact with M-branded, Mx-branded, or other cattle originally from Mexico
      1. One negative TB test within 60 days prior to importation.
  2. Cattle originating from a TB Modified Accredited Advanced State or areas:
    1. Dairy cattle and sporting bovines 2 months of age and older; sexually intact beef cattle 18 months of age and older
      1. One negative TB test within 60 days prior to importation, OR
      2. Originate from USDA-APHIS-VS Accredited TB-Free herd, OR
      3. Originate from a herd which has a negative whole herd test within 6 months prior to importation and the individual animals in the shipment were included in the whole herd test.
  3. Tuberculosis Modified Accredited States or areas:
    1. Dairy cattle, sporting bovines, and sexually intact beef cattle 2 months of age and older
      1. Two negative TB tests 60-120 days apart and the second test within 60 days prior to importation; OR
      2. One negative TB test within 60 days prior to importation and must originate directly from a herd that has a negative whole herd test within 12 months of movement and the individual animals in the shipment were included in that whole herd test; OR
      3. One negative TB test within 60 days prior to importation and must originate directly from a USDA-APHIS-VS Accredited TB-Free herd (or Canadian equivalent). The herd accreditation number and date of whole herd test must be included on the CVI and the individual animals being shipped were included in that whole herd test; OR
  4. Canadian origin cattle
    1. Dairy cattle, sporting bovines, and sexually intact beef cattle 2 months of age and older
      1. One negative TB test within 60 days of import.
  5. Mexican origin (“M” Branded) cattle, 2 months of age and older:
    1. Two negative TB tests 60-120 days apart. The first negative test can be the US entry test. The second negative test must be performed by an USDA-APHIS-VS accredited veterinarian within 60 days prior to importation into Montana.
    2. Must have entry or cross-over date into U.S. and the TB test date with the shipment.
    3. If the animals have resided in the US over 60 days, only one TB test is required along with a statement written on the CVI by the issuing veterinarian stating to the best of his/her knowledge, they have resided in the US over 60 days. No crossover papers are needed.
    4. Holstein and Holstein cross “M” branded steers or spayed heifers are prohibited from entry regardless of test history. 

3. TRICHOMONIASIS (bulls only)

  1. Virgin bulls less than 12 months of age
    1. No testing requirements if virgin
  2. Virgin bulls 12-24 months of age
    1. No test required with virgin bull statement signed by owner (form available here)
  3. Non-virgin bulls and bulls greater than 24 months of age
    1. Negative official trichomoniasis test 
    2. Must originate from a herd not known to be infected with T.foetus
    3. The following statement must appear on the CVI: “The bull(s) identified on this certificate were negative to T.foetus in accordance with ARM 32.3.502.”
  4. Bulls for exhibition or competition
    1. No testing required, must have the following statement on the CVI:

"While in Montana, this (these) bull(s) cannot be sold, loaned, or leased, and cannot be used for breeding or semen collection, and must be kept segregated from all sexually-intact female cattle.”

   b. Duration of stay may not exceed 30 days
   c. Any test eligible bovine that breaches a fence and commingles with other bovine will be tested at owner’s expense.  


Miscellaneous Requirements

1. Calves without dams, 1 month of age or less, require a 30-day quarantine per ARM 32.3.212 with the following statement on the CVI:

“Calf (calves) must be held on premises of destination and may not be resold for 30 days."


Bovine Semen Requirements

Import Permit

 

 

Annual Bovine Semen Import Permits are available by application.

     Domestic Bovine Semen Application

     International Bovine Semen Application