Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious disease of both animals and humans. It is caused by three specific types of bacteria that are part of the Mycobacterium group: Mycobacterium bovis, M. avium, and M. tuberculosis.
The term "bovine TB" is a bit confusing, as it implies the disease only affects cattle. This is certainly not the case. The disease can infect all warm blooded vertebrates. To help alleviate any confusion - throughout this tutorial - we refer to the disease as "Tuberculosis (TB)", and the terms are used interchangeably.
Tuberculosis is a reportable animal disease. Report any confirmed or suspected case to: MT State Veterinarian 406-444-2043 and MT USDA APHIS Veterinary Services 406-449-2220