Animal HealthDiseasesFoot and Mouth Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)


Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) is a severe, highly communicable viral disease of cattle and swine. It also affects sheep, goats, deer and other cloven-hoofed ruminants. FMD does not spread to humans. FMD is characterized by fever and blister-like lesions followed by erosions on the tongue and lips, in the mouth, on the teats, and between the hooves. Many affected animals recover, but the disease leaves them debilitated with severe losses in the production of meat and milk.

The United States has been free of FMD since 1929, and Montana Department of Livestock records dating back to 1907 do not show any cases of FMD.

ReportFMD is reportable disease. Report any suspected cases to: MT USDA APHIS Veterinary Services 406-449-2220, and MT State Veterinarian 406-444-2043, and USDA FMD Hotline 1-800-940-6524