Animal HealthDiseasesEquine Infectious AnemiaPathology

Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) Pathology

The nature, cause, origin, and progress of Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA).


Equine infectious anemia (EIA) is an infectious and potentially fatal viral disease of members of the horse family.

The equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) is categorized as a lentivirus: it contains genetic RNA material, which it uses to produce DNA. This DNA is then incorporated into the genetic makeup of infected cells.

No vaccine or treatment exists for the disease. It is often difficult to differentiate from other fever–producing diseases, including Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA), influenza, and equine encephalitis.

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Department of Livestock
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PO Box 202001
Helena, MT 59620-2001
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